Carl Stauffer

Carl Stauffer

Office Phone: (540) 432-4462


Main Campus, Harrisonburg

Office Location: MS 110

Carl Stauffer was born and raised amidst the war in Vietnam. In 1975, his family fled Vietnam and moved to the Philippines just as the Marcos regime was beginning to crumble. After completing his university education in 1985, Stauffer worked in the Criminal Justice and Substance Abuse fields. In 1988, he was ordained to the ministry and joined an urban, inter-racial church plant and community development project in the inner-city of Richmond, Virginia. In 1991, Stauffer became the first Executive Director of the Capital Area Victim-Offender Mediation Program in Richmond.

In 1994, Stauffer and his family moved to South Africa under the auspices of the Mennonite Central Committee (MCC), a faith-based international relief and development agency. In South Africa, Stauffer worked with various transitional processes such as the Peace Accords, Community-Police Forums, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and Local Community Development structures. From 2000 to 2009, Stauffer was appointed as the MCC Regional Peace Adviser for the Southern Africa region. His work has taken him to twenty African countries and ten other countries in the Caribbean, Middle East, Europe, and the Balkans.

Stauffer’s academic interests focus on narratology, transitional justice, and post-war reconstruction and reconciliation. His research concentrates on the critique of transitional justice from a restorative frame, and the application of hybrid, parallel indigenous justice systems.

Stauffer is married to Dr. Carolyn Stauffer who teaches Sociology at EMU, and is the proud father of two adult children. He enjoys worship, the Arts, nature, a good dose of humor and cruising on his motorcycle.


PhD – University of Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa (2010)
MA – Conflict Transformation, EMU (2002)
BA – Social Work, EMU (1985)



  • Acting Out the Myths: The Politics of Narrative Violence in Zimbabwe, Saarbrucken, Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing, (2011).


  • “Justice in Transition: Deviance, Mass Atrocities and Post-war Reconstruction,” (January, 2014), Essay published in Bruinsma, G. and Weisburd, D. (Eds.) 2014. Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Vol. 1. Springer Reference Publishing.
  • “Rescripting Youth Education,” (August, 2013), Chapter published in Csinos, D. and Bray, M. (Eds.) 2013. Faith Forward – A Dialogue on Children, Youth and a New Kind of Christianity. CooperHouse / Woodlake Publishing Inc.
  • “Restorative Justice – Social Movement or Social Service?” (January 2013), Intersections – A Mennonite Central Committee Publication, Jan-March, Vol 1, No. 1, (2013).
  • “Restorative Interventions for Postwar Nations,” (September, 2012), Chapter published in Van Wormer, K. and Walker, L. (Eds.) 2013. Restorative Justice Today – Practical Applications. Sage Publications.
  • “Peace building through Restorative Dialogue and Consensus Building after the TEPCO Fukushima 1st Nuclear Reactor Disaster,” Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics, Vol 22, No. 3, (May, 2012). ISSN 1173-2571,
  • “Reconciliation: Re-weaving the a Social Fabric that Heals”, A Matter of Spirit, a newsletter of the Inter-community Peace and Justice Center, No. 92, Fall (2011).
  • “Shifting Paradigms: Engaging in Peaceful Change in Southern Africa”, Writer and Compiler. MCC Peace Office Publication – July-October, Vol 38, No. 3 (2008).
  • “Narrating the Spirit of Justice", Paper Presentation – Conference: ‘The Politics of Restorative Justice in Post-Conflict South Africa and Beyond’, Cape Town, South Africa – (Sept. 2006). Published in South African Law Journal: Acta Juridica , Faculty of Law, University of Cape Town, Juta Press Ltd. (2007).
  • “Nurturing the Tree of Peace”, MCC Peace Office Publication, Jan-March, Vol. 32 -1, (2002).
  • “Survivor Offender Mediation and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission” published by the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation – CSVR (1996).


  • “Community Reconciliation: Reconstructing Self & Others in Harmony”, A Reintegration Training Package for Ex-Combatants and the War Affected – Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, (South Africa) and Forum of Conscience (Sierra Leone), (2007).
  • PEACE PATHWAYS, Editor, writer & compiler, Quarterly E-Newsletter of the MCC Regional Peace Network. (2005-2009).
  • “A Peace Building Resource Pack” Three Volume Training Manual – written and compiled for the Centre for the Study of Violence & Reconciliation – CSVR, (2002).
Scholarly Presentations and Abstracts
  • “In Search of a Justice that Satisfies – The Evolving Field of Restorative Justice”, Opening Plenary, 15th Annual Urban Initiatives Conference – University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee – May 29, 2013.
  • “Walking in the Fire: Trauma and Peacebuilding Practice”, Luncheon Speaker, Center for Peacemaking Practice, George Mason University, Washington DC – February 26, 2013.
  • “A Subversive Shalom: What Does Radical Peace Look Like?” Plenary Co-Speaker, Faith and International Development Conference, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan – February 1, 2013.
  • “In Search of a Justice that Satisfies – The Evolving Field of Restorative Justice”, Plenary Address, Shenandoah University, Winchester, Virginia – November 16, 2012
  • “Current Trends in Restorative Justice: Critical and Frontier Issues”, Plenary Address, Lewis University 2012 Teach-In, Chicago, Il – October 26, 2012.
  • “In Search of a Justice that Satisfies – The Evolving Field of Restorative Justice”, Plenary Address, 20th Annual Research Conference of the International Community Corrections Association, Orlando, Florida – September 11, 2012.
  • “Ethnic Conflicts and Restorative Justice”, International Conference of Restorative Justice, Human Rights, and Peace Education, Chiao Tung University and Hsuan Chuang University, Hsingchu, Taiwan – March 7, 2012.
  • “Restorative Justice, Society and Culture”, International Conference of Restorative Justice, Human Rights, and Peace Education, Chang Jung Christian University, Tainan, Taiwan – March 6, 2012.
  • “From Transitional Justice to Restorative Justice”, International Conference of Restorative Justice, Human Rights, and Peace Education, Soochow University, Taipai, Taiwan – March 5, 2012.
  • “Uncovering the Justice Scripts: South Africa’s Transitional Narratives”, Panel Presentation, EMU Homecoming, October 14, 2011.
  • “Remembering without Revenge”, Human Security Forum, Initiatives for Change, International, Caux, Switzerland – July 15, 2011.
  • “Building Justice: Transitional, Restorative and Indigenous Approaches in Post-war Contexts”, Torture Abolition and Support Services Coalition (TASSC), Washington DC, June 22, 2011.
  • “Let Justice Roll Down: The Evolving Field of Restorative Justice”, Eastern Mennonite University, Restorative Justice on Campuses Conference, Harrisonburg, Virginia – March 2011.
  • “Walking in the Fire: Doing Reconciliation in the Aftermath of Severe Violence”, Wheaton College, Center for Applied Christian Ethics (CACE), Wheaton, Illinois – January 24, 2011.
  • “Paradigms of Collective Life: Reflections on the Mennonite and Anabaptist Experience”, Anabaptist Center for Religion and Society (ACRS), Eastern Mennonite University, Harrisonburg, Virginia – March 23, 2010
  • “The African Church as Provocateur for Change: Re-Imaging Development ”, Faith & Development Conference, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan – Feb. 6, 2010.
  • “Narrating the Spirit of Justice”, International Conference: Restorative Justice: Politics, Policies, & Prospects – Cape Town, South Africa – September 2006.
  • “Back to the Future – Deconstructing the Past and Reconstructing the Future”, International Conference entitled: The German Herero War – One Hundred Years After, 1904-2004: Realities, Traumas, and Perspectives, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia – November 18-21, 2004.
  • “Life After Trauma – Resuscitating Wholeness in the Child Soldier”, South African Institute for Traumatic Stress (SAITS) – Johannesburg, South Africa – 2001.

Academic Journal Article Reviews

  • “Implications of Court versus Conference: The Relationship between Perceptions of Procedural Justice and Shame Management”, (Manuscript ID CJPR-2013-051) – Criminal Justice Policy Review – June 2013.
  • “The Third Way: Toward Holistic and Inclusive Approach to Reconciliation on Western Balkan”, Restorative Justice: An International Journal (RJIJ) – May 2013.
  • “Toward a theoretical conceptualization of participants’ experiences in restorative justice – victims, offenders and community members”, (Research Grant Proposal-1557/13-38.0) – Israel Science Foundation – April 2013.
  • “Punishing the Innocent: Examining Revictimization as a Result of ICC Intervention in Kenya” (ICJR-OA-12-10-080), International Criminal Justice Review – December 2012.
  • “Achieving Justice through the International Criminal Court in Northern Uganda: Is Indigenous/Restorative Justice a Better Approach?" (ICJR-OA-12-04-037), International Criminal Justice Review – September 2012.
  • “The ‘Behind Bars’ Contribution of Religion to Restorative Justice”, (Manuscript 2687) – The Journal of Religion – August 2012.
Other Presentations
  • “Doing Justice God’s Way? Restorative Justice and the Bible”, Adult Sunday School Class Presentation, Park View Mennonite Church, Harrisonburg, Virginia – May 19, 2013.
  • “Dead to Shame, Alive to Joy – A Celebration”, Sunday Sermon, Ridgeway Mennonite Church, Harrisonburg, Virginia – March 10, 2013.
  • “Engaging the Powers Nonviolently”, Unitarian Universalist Church, Waynesboro, Virginia – December 2, 2012.
  • “Christian Community Development”, Perspectives Course, Harrisonburg, Virginia – November 2010, 2011 & 2012.
  • “Christian Nonviolence”, Panelist, Interfaith Panel on Nonviolence, Lake Junaluska Annual Peace Conference, North Carolina – November 9, 2012.
  • “Finding Justice Amidst the Rubble”, (Interview), Peace Alliance, Restorative Justice and Social Healing in the US and Beyond – Ongoing Telecouncil Dialogue Series with Molly Rowan Leach, (, September 19, 2012.
  • “Re-Scripting Youth Education – Conversations from the Margins”, Children, Youth and a New Kind of Christianity Conference, Washington DC, May 9, 2012.
  • “Fambul Tok” (Film Screening), Panel Convener, EMU, April 18, 2012.
  • “Race, Racism and the Nation State”, Respondent, Occupy Empire Conference, EMU, April 14, 2012.
  • “Finding a Justice that Satisfies”, (Radio Interview), The Texas Conflict Coach with Patti Porter, (, April 11, 2012.
  • “Restorative Justice”, (Radio Interview), Prescriptions for Healing Conflict with Mari Frank, (, April 9, 2012.
  • “War & Religion”, Panelist, The Gandhi Center, JMU, March 13, 2012.
  • “An African Answer” (Film Screening), Panel Convener, EMU, October 31, 2011.
  • “Deliberative Democracy: Negotiating Trust in the Public Domain”, The Trust Factor, Initiatives of Change, Washington DC, October 15, 2011.
  • “Reconciliation and the Transition in South Africa”, Virginia Mennonite Retirement Community, Harrisonburg, Virginia – June 26, 2011.
  • “Peacebuilding in Africa”, Park View Mennonite Church Sunday school classes, Harrisonburg, Virginia – May 8 & 15, 2011.
  • “International Development” and “Conflict Transformation” in two undergraduate classes, Wheaton College, Wheaton, Illinois – January 24, 2011.
  • “Restorative Justice”, Bridgewater Church of the Brethren – Adult Sunday school class, Bridgewater, Virginia – July 11, 2010.
  • “Reflections on Restorative Justice”, Eastern Mennonite Seminary chapel, Harrisonburg, Virginia – March 4, 2010.
  • “Stories of Peace, Justice and Reconciliation in Africa”, CJP ‘brown bag’ luncheon, Eastern Mennonite University, Harrisonburg, Virginia – February 25, 2010.
  • “From the Ground Up: The Church Building Peace in Africa”, International Conference of Christians for Peace in Africa – Johannesburg, South Africa – 2009.
  • “Governments of Iron – Governments of Clay: Daniel’s Challenge to Engage the State”, Real Life Conference – Influencing Government Track – Johannesburg, South Africa – 2008.
  • Presenter – Swaziland Association for Crime Prevention & the Rehabilitation of Offenders (SACRO), Mbabane, Swaziland – 2004.
  • “Sitting in the Fire: Stress and Trauma Healing”, Salvation Army, Johannesburg, South Africa – 2003.
  • Presenter – Association of Christian Lay Training Centres in Africa (ACLCA) – Accra, Ghana – 2000.
  • Presenter – World Council of Churches (WCC) – Harare, Zimbabwe – 1998
  • Presenter – European Conference on Peacemaking & Conflict Resolution – (ECPCR), Varna, Bulgaria – 1996.
  • Presenter – South African Association of Conflict Intervention -(SAACI) -1995, 1997.
Church, Community and Professional Service
  • Academic Director – Caux Scholars Program – Switzerland – 2011 to present.
  • Lead Trainer – “Finding Justice Amidst the Rubble – Restorative Justice Theory and Practice”, Wozo Trauma Healing Program, Port-u-Prince, Haiti – April 11-15, 2013.
  • Program Review Consultant – Criminal Justice Program of Seton Hill University, Greensburg, PA – March 15, 2013.
  • Keynote Speaker / Consultant – Ministry of Justice – Restorative Justice Legislative Reform Sensitization Program for Supreme Court Judges and Regional Magistrates, Jamaica – February 14-18 and March 21-25, 2013.
  • Lead Mediator – Rockingham Memorial Hospital – Harrisonburg, Virginia – 2012 to present.
  • Facilitator – Bloomingdale Mennonite Church – Bloomingdale, Pennsylvania – June 2-4, 2012.
  • Lead Mediator – Mennonite Central Committee, Lebanon – Beirut, Lebanon – December 16-23, 2011.
  • Board Member – Gemeinschaft Home – a therapeutic community and transitional home for people coming out of prison, Harrisonburg, Virginia – 2010 to present.
  • Reference Committee Member of the Restorative Justice Initiative, Fairfield Center, Harrisonburg, Virginia – 2010 to present.
  • Co-founder – Africa Peacebuilding Institute (API)
    Mindolo Ecumenical Foundation, Kitwe, Zambia – 2001 – 2009
  • Co-founder – The Restorative Justice Initiative (RJI)
    National Association for Restorative Justice Practitioners in South Africa – 35 Member bodies, Pretoria, South Africa – 2001-2009.
  • Co-founder – Victim-Offender Conferencing (VOC) Project
    Johannesburg, South Africa – 1999 – 2001.
  • Co-founder – Survivor-Offender Mediation (SOM) Network
    Coalition of 22 NGOs,churches & individual practitioners offering a restorative justice service to the Truth & Reconciliation Commission of South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa – 1995-1997.
  • Facilitator & Program Consultant – Ex-combatant Reintegration Programs, Mennonite Central Committee – Eastern Europe, Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina - 2009.
  • Planning Consultant & Presenter – Great Lakes Initiative – Duke Center for Reconciliation – Uganda & Burundi - 2007-2009.
  • Faculty – School of Reconciliation, University of the Nations, South Africa & England – 2004-2008.
  • Instructor – Mindanao Peace-Building Institute (MPI), Davao, Philippines – 2007.
  • Lead Facilitator / Consultant – Nonviolence Training and Advocacy, Christian Alliance of Zimbabwe (CA), Bulawayo, Zimbabwe – 2004-2009.
  • Co-facilitator – Prophetic Peacemaking for Pastors Seminar Co-Facilitator, South Africa – 2004-2006.
  • Lead Facilitator – Transitional Justice and Ex-combatant Reintegration, Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation & The Forum of Conscience, Sierra Leone & South Africa – 2006-2007.
  • Co-facilitator – Peacebuilding Training, World Vision & Evangelical Fellowship of Churches, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2003.
  • Co-trainer – Nonviolent Strategic Action, Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), South Africa – 2003
  • Lead Instructor – Global Lay Leadership Training in Peacebuilding, World Council of Churches, Cyprus – 2002.
  • Lead Facilitator – Training in Security of Tenure Act, South African National Land Committee, Cape Town, South Africa - 2001.
  • Project Coordinator – Rural Community Conflict among 35 villages, Eastern Cape Council of Churches, Majola, South Africa – 2001
  • Consultant/facilitator – Team Building and Conflict Resolution Coaching – SOS Children’s Village, Pietermaritz-burg, South Africa – 2001.
  • Consultant/facilitator – Strategic Planning and Conflict Coaching, Khulamani Support Group (Survivors of political violence), Johannesburg, South Africa – 2001.
  • Trainer – Conflict Management Skills, Boystown Juvenile Facility, Magalisburg, South Africa – 2000.
  • Lead Trainer – Conflict Resolution program for At-Risk youth, Conquest for Life, Westbury ‘Coloured’ Township – 2000.
  • Mediator – Automobile Association of South Africa Johannesburg, South Africa – 2000
  • Lead Facilitator – Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding training, Swaziland Council of Churches, Manzini, Swaziland 2000.
  • Lead Facilitator – Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding training, Angola Council of Churches, Luanda, Angola – 2000.
  • Lead Facilitator – Literacy and Peacebuilding Program, ABC Development, Guinea, and Sierra Leone - 2000.
  • Delegation Member – Exploratory trip to recommend Trauma Healing initiative, Quaker Peace Committee & American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), Kenya, Burundi, Rwanda, & Uganda -1999
  • Coordinator & Lead Facilitator – Training in negotiation and mediation skills, Centre for Peace Education – University of South Africa (UNISA), Johannesburg, South Africa -1998
  • Co-trainer/consultant – Gender, Development and Peacebuilding, Government Department of Agriculture & Oxfam, South Africa -1999.
  • Lead Facilitator – Training on Security of Tenure Act, Government Department of Land Affairs, South Africa -1998.
  • Lead Facilitator – Community Conflict Training, Local Government – Gauteng & Northwest Provinces, South Africa – 1997.
  • Co-trainer – Reconciliation with Hutu and Tutsi Refugees, United Nations High Commission on Refugees, Manzini, Swaziland – 1996
  • Delegation Member – Five Country tour in Southern Africa region: Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe and Mozambique, Human Scale Development Network of South Africa – 1995.
  • Lead Trainer / Consultant – Department of Safety and Security, Gauteng & North-west Provinces of South Africa 1994-1995.
  • Community Peace Committee Mediator - Bekkersdal Township on the West Rand of Johannesburg City – 1994-1995
  • Co-facilitator – Taxi Violence Project – Joint Monitoring Committee, Soweto Township, Johannesburg, South Africa 1994-1995.
Honors, Awards and Grants
  • Award: Outstanding Contribution to Restorative Justice in South Africa, presented by The Restorative Justice Centre, Pretoria, South Africa – October 6, 2009.
Certifications and Licenses
  • Ordained Minister – Virginia Mennonite Conference – 1988 to present
Professional Conferences Attended

International Symposium on Restorative Justice, Reconciliation & Peacebuilding, NYU Law School & Kroc Institute, New York, November 11-12, 2011

Human Security Forum, Initiatives for Change International, Caux, Switzerland, July 10-17, 2011.

Attachment Conference, Eastern Mennonite University, Harrisonburg, Virginia – April 2011

Restorative Justice on Campuses, Eastern Mennonite University, Harrisonburg, Virginia – March 2011

Faith-Based Peace Education Conference, Boston Theological Institute, Boston, Massachusetts – August 2010.

Summer Leadership Institute, Center for Reconciliation, Duke Divinity School, Raleigh, North Carolina – June 2010.

Faith and Development Conference, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan – February 4-7, 2010.

New Courses Taught
  1. Transforming Trauma – Spring 2013 – (joint course offering with MA in Counseling)
  2. Theological Formation for Peacebuilding – Fall 2012 – (joint course offering with Seminary
  3. Designing Restorative Approaches to Serious Crime and Violation – SPI-2012
  4. Theory: Frameworks for Peacebuilding – Spring-2012
  5. Building Justice: Transitional and Indigenous Approaches – Summer 2011
  6. Restorative Justice: The Promise and the Challenge – Summer 2011
  7. International Development – Fall 2010
  8. Practice: Skills for Peacebuilding – Fall 2010
  9. Building Capacity in Local Peace Organizations – Summer 2010
  10. Conflict Sensitive Development – Summer 2010
  11. Critical Issues in Restorative Justice – Spring 2010
  12. Nonviolent Strategic Action and Community Organizing – Spring 2010
EMU Service
  • Serving member of the IRB – Institutional Review Board for EMU – 2010 to present
  • Co-Director – Zehr Institute for Restorative Justice – (CJP) – 2013 to present
  • Faculty Lead – Development of an MA in Restorative Justice – 2013 to present
  • Member of the University Search Committee for the Graduate Dean and CJP Executive Director positions – 2012
  • Member of CJP Leadership Team – 2011-2013