Core Courses

Required Biomedicine Core Courses (30 semester hours)*

Natural Science Courses

BMC 551 Developmental Biology (4)
An investigative study of the topics of gametogenesis, fertilization, embryogenesis and organogenesis. Molecular influences and cell interactions involved in differentiation and development are emphasized. Laboratory investigations use both descriptive and experimental approaches to study amphibian, bird, and mammal development. A research project and paper are required.

BMC 612 Human Gross and Microscopic Anatomy (4)
Anatomical study of body systems using mammalian and human cadaver materials. Histological studies are correlated with the above anatomical studies. Laboratory work includes dissection, osteology, and microscopy.

BMC 561 Biochemistry Foundations (4)
A survey of structure-function relationships of biological molecules and systems. Emphasis is placed on enzymology, intermediary metabolism, and metabolic control. Laboratory focuses on protein chemistry and involves an extended independently guided research project in which students develop their own hypotheses and test them using the techniques learned early in the course. Three lecture periods and one lab per week.

Other approved natural science courses

BMC 552 Cell Biology (3)
A study of cellular architecture, communication, transport, motility, division, growth and death. Particular emphasis is placed on the study of cancer at the cellular level, and on a quantitative understanding of cellular movements. Students read and report on research articles. The laboratory involves an introduction to common techniques employed in molecular biology followed by directed research projects of the student’s choosing. Two lecture periods and one extended lab per week.

BMC 563 Molecular Genetics (3)
A study of the mechanisms of gene structure, stability, replication, transmission, and expression in eukaryotes. Themes include molecular evolution, viruses (including HIV), and heritable diseases. Students read and report on research articles. The laboratory involves an introduction to common techniques employed in molecular biology followed by directed research projects of the student’s choosing. Two lecture periods and two laboratory/recitation periods per week.

BMS 572 Cognitive Psychology (3)
The field of cognitive psychology involves studying and thinking about thinking. Questions are asked about how we acquire, store, retrieve, and use knowledge. Students will actively study and apply various theories about human thinking. Topics such as models of memory, imaging, language comprehension, problem solving, creativity and cognitive development will be covered.

BMC 562 Human Physiology (4)
Investigative study of selected body systems including neuro-muscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, and endocrine physiology. Extensive laboratory work emphases quantification and experimentation while using live materials and physiologic instrumentation.

BMS 525 Biomedical Terminology (2 SH)
The course is designed to provide the medical language and nomenclature background for students who plan to enter health care professions. Study of the uses of prefixes, suffixes, and word roots to formulate words describing meaningful medical conditions is emphasized as well as learning their definitions, correct pronunciation, and spelling. Using major body systems as a guide, students will learn the basic anatomic and medical terms related to the muscular, skeletal, respiratory, circulatory, digestive, reproductive, and urinary systems. Periodic testing with a final examination comprises the assessment portion of the course. Students completing the course at a 90% level will receive a certificate.

BMS 540 Drugs: Discovery, Design, Action (3SH) online
The intended audience for the class is chemistry, biochemistry and biology students, particularly those who are interested in pre-professional health careers, industrial careers in biotechnology or pharmaceuticals, public health, or graduate work in chemistry, biochemistry or biology. In this class, we will study the principles that govern the process of modern drug discovery & development and to gain insight to the modes of activity of the major classes of drugs (antibiotics, antivirals, analgesics, anticancer, steroids, antihistamines, etc.) Students will primarily be evaluated based on appropriate scientific writing. Pending adequate enrollment.

BMS 561 Immunology (3)
Survey of immunology including the nature of antigens and antibodies, the reactions between them, applications of these reactions to clinical diagnosis and the cellular events which occur during the immune response. Beneficial and pathological aspects of immunity are included. Three lectures and one laboratory/recitation period per week.

BMS 562 Neurobiology (3)
This course explores the interdisciplinary field of neuroscience with an emphasis on the biology of the nervous system. It includes the structure of the nervous system, how neurons communicate electrically and chemically, sensory systems, motor systems, and the neural basis of behavior. Two lecture periods and two laboratory/recitation periods per week.

BMS 570 Medical Microbiology (3)
A comprehensive study of the field of microbiology, emphasizing the principles of medical microbiology and human symbioses. Included in the discussion will be additional focus on disease, treatment, emerging infectious diseases, biotechnology and global public health. Topics will be discussed using lectures, short lab periods, case studies and problem-based learning. Recitation section will pay particular emphasis on medically important bacteria and viruses and their associated diseases. Offered every other year.

BMS 571 Abnormal Psychology (3)
An interdisciplinary approach to understanding abnormal (maladaptive) behavior emphasizing the crucial roles of learning and life stressors in the development and maintenance of abnormal behaviors. The clinical characteristics, causal factors and treatments of maladaptive behavior patterns are examined, including the areas of assessment, therapy and prevention. Positive emotions and strengths that promote mental health will be integrated throughout the course.

BMS 574 Neuropsychology (3)
Survey of the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system, including the function of sensory receptors and hormones. Emphasis is placed on the role of general physiological principles that affect human behavior.

Cross Discipline Courses

BMC 613 Biomedical Research Design & Statistics (2)
This course covers basic principles of research methodology and experimental design. Topics include research design, measurements, hypothesis testing, statistical significance and the analysis of data. A computer statistical package (SPSS) is used to analyze data. Students critically evaluate published reports of biomedical studies with specific attention to their experimental design and the application of statistics.

BMX 613 Behavioral and Social Science Principles (3)
An overview of the contribution of social and behavioral sciences to the understanding of the distribution, etiology, and solution of public health problems. Theoretical underpinnings of the most relevant explanation, planning, change, and evaluation theories will be reviewed and illustrated with examples of the application of these models to health promotion and disease prevention with individuals, groups and communities. Basic principles from psychology, anthropology, sociology, and other social science disciplines are analyzed in relation to the causes, consequences and control measures for public health problems.

BMX 611 Biomedicine, Faith, and Ethics (3)
This team-taught course explores relationships between science and Christian faith by investigating scientific foundational ideas and their interaction with theology. Topics such as global and human origins, chance and complexity, human nature, mind, health and healing, environmental and medical ethics are examined and viewed through the lenses of Scripture, theology, and natural science. Students will be led to form and articulate a multidimensional world view that incorporates the realities of science and a holistic Christian faith.

Transdiscipline Courses

BMC 610 Interdisciplinary Seminar I (2)
This team-taught course involves a first orientation to the biomedicine program. Major discussion topics include library research techniques, technical writing practicums, creating an effective resume, survey of biomedicine-related careers, discovering biomedicine in the humanities, secular and religious approaches to bioethics, theologic themes in biomedicine, holistic healing, and complementary medicine.

BMC 621 Transdisciplinary Seminar III (1)

This seminar will challenge your understanding of ethics in medicine, stretch you to explore various alternative medicine techniques and their role in healing, guide you in the identification of pseudoscience and “quacks,” deepen your understanding of the role of faith in healing, and enable you to explore various theological themes embedded in the field of biomedicine. This course will provide a forum for open inquiry, honest discussion, collegial debate, and personal reflection. We ask that you come prepared to test your beliefs concerning the various moral “gray” areas of bioethics, reexamine what truly defines health and disease, and analyze how healing can be delivered independent of hospitals and medications.

This course will commence with an initial discussion of Bioethics and Religion. You will be introduced to both classic and modern cases investigating the ethics behind abortion and treating impaired babies, genetic testing, euthanasia and suicide, and heart, face and hand transplants. Open discussion and debate will be encouraged and required in order for us to properly unfold these topics together. We will later focus on the theme of Healing and Alternative Medicine, which will encompass an introduction to various avenues of healing often not discussed in the practice of conventional medicine. You will be challenged to see health and healing in a new light.

BMC 622 Transdisciplinary Seminar IV (1)
This course challenges students to creatively push their thinking to the next level: exploring their own capacity for leadership and problem solving in the medical field. What does it mean to be a transformative agent of holistic healing and health both personally and collectively?

Beginning with a journey inwards, students will reflect on their own personal leadership history, aptitudes, style and skills. Along with demarcating the contours of their individual leadership philosophy and values, students will create an inventory of their current leadership practices. They will additionally identify gaps in their skill sets and create a plan that targets their future growth as effective leaders in the medical field.

Next we will embark on a journey outwards that engages strategies for collective public action around macro-level health challenges and opportunities. How do structural violence issues such as poverty, inequality, and lack of representation manifest within the medical field and what can be done about these juggernauts? This section will use a social and systems-theory approach to investigate how health professionals can effectively advocate for change in regards to the numerous justice issues facing the field. The ability to successfully bring in multiple perspectives, constituencies and sectors will serve as a measure of leadership capacity.

Lastly, we will investigate the view that individuals are complex multidimensional entities whose health is vitally linked to the living systems that surround them. Starting with a session on the role of art in health and healing, we will explore how creative expressions can heal the soul and body by connecting us in visceral ways to the natural world. We then delve into the topic of eco-health (‘conservation medicine’) a perspective that highlights the web of interdependence that exists between people and other natural systems. Through a journey inwards that reflects on personal aptitudes, to a journey outwards that invites social action and advocacy for the health of ourselves and our planet, students will engage with the personal and structural aspects of a system-based approach to holistic health. As Einstein so aptly reminded us, this will necessitate levels of critical thinking and problem solving that will take our role of leadership in the medical field to the next level.

BMC 598 Biomedicine Practicum (1)
This course features experiential community learning in areas related to future vocation. Assigned shadowing or interactive experiences require 30-40 hours/semester credit hour outside of class as well as completing assigned related readings, maintaining a journal of experiences, providing feedback to other students. Typical experiences may involve interactions within hospitals, health care professionals, biomedical organizations, clinics, rescue squads, health departments, or life science education settings. Prerequisites: satisfactory completion of at least two graduate level courses and/or instructor permission. A maximum of 4 SH of practicum credit can be applied toward a degree.

BMX 603 Cross-Cultural Health Care/Biomedicine (3)
This summer course is experiential based and requires involvement and study in another cultural-setting for a three-week period. Students, under guidance from the instructor, explore values, methods, and outcomes of health care or the practice of biomedicine in a unique cultural setting. Differentiation of resources, social, psychological, and spiritual ideas contrasting the student’s personal culture with the explored culture are examined. Involvements with alternative medicine and healing practices are considered as are examination of traditional health care delivery methods in the studied culture. Students maintain reflective logs during the experience and ultimately create a reflective paper that summarizes and enlarges upon their experience. Cross-cultural settings may vary but frequently include areas such as a large inner city, native American, Appalachia, or a foreign country setting.

BMC 623 Research in Biomedicine (2)
Under the direction of a faculty member, this course guides a student through the process of developing an original research project. Each student selects a specific biomedicine-related topic, develops a hypothesis and research proposal, and then tests and analyzes the data that they generate. By gathering and analyzing their own original data in relation to other relevant literature, students gain understanding and insight on their chosen topic and contribute to new information that is being generated in their field. The outcome includes preparing and defending an oral presentation and a research paper written in a CSE style. This course is the first in a series of two. Students enrolled in this course will subsequently be enrolled in BMC 623 Research in Biomedicine in the fall.

*BMS 500 level courses represent dual-listed graduate and undergraduate courses. Graduate students will have additional course requirements than undergraduate students enrolled in the same course. To obtain an MA degree, at least 24 graduate credit hours must be taken at a level greater than the BMS 500 series of courses to obtain a master’s degree.

Required 3 natural sciences courses with labs. For students in the Healthcare Management Concentration, 24 SH of core courses are required. See Healthcare Management Concentration page for required and suggested courses.

A maximum of 8 SH of graduate courses, taken to fulfill requisite program entrance requirements, can be applied to the MA in Biomedicine program or certificate when grades of B or better are earned. These courses will be counted as elective credits and cannot replace core requirements. Graduate credit will be given for additional requisite courses but their hours cannot be applied toward degree or certificate requirements.

Course Scheduling

Following is a typical schedule and is subject to change.

Fall Semester
BMC 551 Developmental Biology (4)
BMC 561 Biochemistry Foundations (4)
BMC 610 Interdisciplinary Seminar I (2 )
Total: 10 Hrs

If lacking UG Requirement substitute below:
BMS 501 Biomedical Organic Chem I (4)
BMS 511 Biomedical Physics I (4)

Spring Semester

BMC 612 Human Gross & Microscopic Anatomy (4)
BMC 613 Biomedical Research Design & Statistics (2)
BMX 613 Behavioral & Social Science Principles (3)
Elective (3)
Total: 12 Hrs

If lacking UG Requirement substitute below:
BMS 562 Biomedical Organic Chem II (4)
BMS 512 Biomedical Physics II (4)

Summer Term
BMX 603 Cross Cultural Health Care/Biomedicine (3)
BMC 623 Research in Biomedicine (1)
BMS 598 Biomedicine Practicum (1)
Total: 5 Hrs

Year two graduate courses

Fall Semester
BMC 623 Biomedical Research (1)
BMC 611 Interdisciplinary Seminar II (2)
Biomedicine Track Electives (6-9)
Total: 9-12 Hrs

Spring Semester
BMC 562 Human Physiology (4)
BMX 611 Biomedicine, Faith, & Ethics in Context (3)
Biomedicine Track Electives (6)
Total: 13 Hrs

Selected electives for either year

Offered with adequate enrollment.

BMC 570 Medical Mircobiology (3)
BMS 531 Environmental Chemistry (4)
BMS 540 Drugs: Discovery, Design, Action (3)
BMS 551 Conservation Biology (3)
BMS 552 Environmental Toxicology (3)
BMS 553 Sustainable Agriculture (4)
BMS 554 Natural History of the Shenandoah Valley (4)
BMS 555 Plant Ecophysiology (3)
BMS 556 Entomology (3)
BMS 557 Ecology & Field Biology (4)
BMS 561 Immunology (3)
BMS 562 Neurobiology (3)
BMS 571 Abnormal Psychology (3)
BMS 572 Cognitive Psychology (3)
BMS 573 Theories of Personality (3)
BMS 574 Neuropsychology (3)
BMS 581 Analytical Chemistry (4)
BMS 582 Thermodynamics (3)
BMS 583 Quantum Mechanics (3)
BMS 680 Academic and Professional Writing (2)

Additional graduate level courses in education, business, counseling, Center for Justice and Peacebuilding, or seminary may be selected as electives.

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